How to undertake advanced bael cultivation – step-by-step instructions
Bael is a plant that is grown as a horticultural crop. Bilva, Pativat, Shailpatra, Lakshmiputra, Shriphal, Sadaphal, and Shiveshta are some of the names given to it. In Hinduism, this plant is regarded as sacred. In Vedic Sanskrit literature, it is known as the divine tree. Its plant is thought to be a manifestation of Shiva. Lord Mahadev is thought to reside in its roots. Plants from this species are frequently seen near temples.
Bael is a plant that may be found practically wherever in India. Its plant reaches a height of 25 to 30 feet. It has a cooling effect on its fruit. It’s used to make juice and to eat. Its fruits are sometimes utilized for medical purposes. After ripening, the fruits turn yellow. Its fruits have a rigid outer shell. As a result, it’s also known as stone fruit.
Arid and semi-arid climates are thought to be ideal for vine growing. More winter and heat have a far less impact on the plant. Its plant is easy to grow in any season. Its plant can withstand drought. As a result, its plant does not require a lot of water. In the North-Eastern states, bael is currently being cultivated on a huge scale. As a result, the farming brothers prosper handsomely.
If you want to make a successful living by growing vines, we’ll provide you with all the information you need today.
The vine grows well in a variety of soil types, including the sandy, hard, plateau, and barren. To cultivate the soil, there should be no waterlogging. Because of the waterlogging, the plants are susceptible to a variety of illnesses. The pH of the soil to cultivate it. Mana should be in the range of 5 to 8.
Temperature and climate
Arid and semi-arid climates are ideal for vine growing. Its plants thrive in damp weather with plenty of sunlight. It can be grown in both the typical winter and summer seasons. However, frost that lasts for a long time in the winter affects the plants. Its plants do not require a lot of water to thrive.
Vine plants require regular temperatures to develop at first. Whereas, after the plants have grown into a complete tree, they may grow at any temperature. Bael plants can withstand temperatures as high as 50 degrees in the summer and as low as 0 degrees in the winter. However, a temperature of roughly 30 degrees is preferable for the best growth of its plants.
New and enhanced variants
There are numerous better vine kinds available. All of these types were created with a higher yield in mind. Which are grown throughout India in various locations.
The Central Horticulture Experiment Station in Godhra (Gujarat) produced this vine variety to produce more fruit in less time. The trees of this type appear to be little. Whose fully grown tree produces approximately 70 kg of fruit per year. Its fruits are huge, and after maturing, they turn a greenish-yellow tint. This sort of plant is known to be feeble.
Narendra Bell has a rating of 5 stars
Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad, developed this vine cultivar. This cultivar has low-growing, wide-spreading plants. The average yield of this variety’s trees is roughly 70 to 80 kg per tree. This variety’s fruits are standard in size and somewhat flattened from above. Whose flavour is really sweet. Its fruits have a thin skin. The amount of fibre and seeds in the pulp is determined to be extremely low.
Bell, Narendra 7
Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad, has also produced this vine type. The height and width of this plant variety are discovered to be extremely large. The leaves of this species of plant are quite huge. This variety’s fruits are likewise rather huge. The average weight of a single fruit is roughly three kilogrammes. Its fruits have a greenish-white colour to them. The average yield of a fully developed plant is roughly 80 kilogrammes.
This bael’s plants appear to be little. Its plants have a lot of branches, all of which are pointing down. On this type of plant, the number of bites is lower. This variety’s fruits have a thin skin that becomes yellow as they develop. The fruits of this cultivar are observed to be of average size. The flesh of this variety’s fruits is sweet and tasty. It’s easy to separate the seeds from the pulp. This plant variety’s average yield per hectare is determined to be between 40 and 50 kg.
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This bael’s plants are of average height and spread out over a short distance. This vine variety is notable for producing yields in the middle of the season. In April and May, the fruits on its plants are ready to mature. The fruits of this cultivar have an oval form. The fruit of this cultivar has a thin skin. Its fruits have a pleasant, sweet flesh that is yellow in hue. It has a lower fibre content in its pulp. It also has easy-to-separate seeds from its anus.
Pantnagar University in Uttarakhand has created this bael’s variety. This variety’s plants are of average height. Its branches, on the other hand, are more widely dispersed. The fruits of this plant variety ripen in a medium amount of time. This variety’s fruits appear to be flattened on both ends. Whose statue looks to be normal. The pulp content of this variety’s fruits is the highest. It has a lower fibre content in its pulp. The fruits’ skins are thin and pale yellow in hue.
Plants of this bael variety grow to a medium height. Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology, Faizabad, has prepared them. The fruits of this variety’s plants are enormous, spherical, and oval. Its pulp contains a significant amount of sweetness. Its fruits turn a light golden tint after they have fully ripened. After seven years, the average yield of fully grown plants of this cultivar is roughly 50 kg. Its fruits include a high amount of fibre and seeds.
This bael variety is notable for producing yields in the middle of the season. Its plants grow in a sturdy upright position. Whose length has been discovered to be extremely long? This plant type produces high yields in a short amount of time. A fully established plant produces an annual output of 60 to 80 kg on average. The fruits of this cultivar have an oval form. Its fruits have a large amount of pulp. Does it have a sweet flavour?
Aside from this, there are a plethora of other options. Which have been prepared to produce more in less time at various locations. Pant Urvashi, CISHB 2, Bada Kagji, Pant Shivani, Narendra Bell 16, Chakia, Narendra Bell 6, Narendra Bell 17, and Kagji Gonda are among the various variations available.
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In the fields, bael plants are readied and planted. Deep ploughing with soil turning ploughs should be done before preparing the pits. Allow the field to rest for a few days after ploughing. As a result of the bright sunshine, the hazardous insects in the soil are eliminated. After that, slant ploughing through the field cultivator two to three times and running the rotavator in the field. The soil in the field begins to appear friable when the rotavator is turned on. Make the dirt flat by placing a pat in the field after it has been made friable.
Prepare three-foot-diameter pits with a one-foot depth after levelling the field, leaving a space of 5 to 6 metres in the field. In the field, these trenches are prepared in a row. A gap of 5 to 6 metres is maintained between each row when preparing the pits. After the pits have been prepared, they are filled with the proper amount of organic and chemical fertilisers in the soil. About a month before transplanting, these pits are prepared.
Seedlings are being planted
Seeds and cuttings are used to raise Bael plants in the nursery. The pen is prepared for a longer time when it is prepared through seed in the nursery. As a result, it is only prepared in the form of seeds extremely rarely. To prepare the cuttings in the form of seeds, they are planted in the fields as soon as the seeds are extracted from the fruits. After about a year and a half to two years, they are prepared as seedlings with wild plants using the cleft grafting procedure. The Chashma or Guti pressure method is utilised for commercial agriculture. During the rainy season, the plant is prepared by applying the Guti pressure method on the plant’s branches. The seedlings are ready for transplanting in one to one and a half months using this procedure.
In addition, the farmer might take seedlings from the nursery and plant them in the fields. Currently, several government-registered nurseries sell saplings at inexpensive prices. By purchasing its saplings, the farmer’s brother can save both time and work. He also receives high-quality plants at the proper moment. However, when purchasing plants, keep in mind that you should only purchase plants that are at least one year old and disease-free.
Time and technique of planting
About a month ago, Bael plants were transplanted into pits dug in the field. However, make a tiny bit amid the trenches before planting the plants. After planting the plant, it is well covered by surrounding it with soil to a height of one centimetre from the root.
However, the hole and the plants must be disinfected before being transplanted. They should be treated with bavistin or cow urine. The plants can be rescued from the damage of many forms of soil-borne showers in the beginning by treating the pits. As a result, the plant grows healthily.
In general, the farmer’s brother can grow the bael plant at any time of the year, except the winter season. However, when the farmer’s brother cultivates it on a large scale economically, the months of May and June are said to be the best for transplantation. Plants have more time to grow during this transplanting because of the excellent weather. Aside from that, if sufficient irrigation is available, it can be planted in March as well.
Bael plants necessitate more irrigation at first. During the summer season, its plant should be watered every 8 to 10 days first. And in winter, water should be supplied every 15 to 20 days. During the rainy season, less water is required. However, if there is no rain for an extended period during this time, the plants should be watered as needed.
When the vine plant has fully matured into a tree, its branches do not require much watering. Only four to five irrigations per year are sufficient for its trees during this time. When the blooms on the plants are flowering, the plants should not be watered. Because both its blooms and fruits fall during irrigation.
Fertilizer is only somewhat required by bael plants. Initially, roughly 10 kg of old dung manure in the form of organic manure, 50 grammes of nitrogen, 25 grammes of phosphorus, and 50 grammes of potash should be combined with the soil and provided to the plants when the pits are being prepared. The plants should receive this amount of fertiliser until they bear fruit.
Before fruiting, a fully matured tree should get 20 to 25 kg of organic fertiliser and around one kg of chemical fertiliser per year. This amount of fertiliser to its plants leaves a two-foot gap between the plant’s stem and the fertiliser. Make a circle that is two feet wide and half a foot deep, and fill it in. Following that, water should be poured into it. The entire root system of the plant has easy access to nutrients.
Control of weeds
In bael plants, weed control is accomplished naturally. To do this, weeds visible in the surrounding land should be eradicated before planting the plants. Then, by light hoeing the plants four to five times a year, weeds visible in the roots of the plants should be removed.
The vine trees do not require much hoeing after they have grown up. A tree that is seven years old will only require two to three hoeings every year. This is done before, during, and after fertilizer application to the plants. Apart from that, following the rainy season, when the soil of the field appears dry, the field should be ploughed for weed management in the remaining land in the field.
It is vital to take appropriate care of bael plants to have a good harvest. Allow no form of the branch to be born on the stem of the plants up to a height of about one to one and a half meters during the first care of the plants. The plant’s stem becomes stronger as a result of this. The plant’s form is also attractive.
Apart from that, the sick and dry branches visible in the plants should be trimmed and removed when the plants stop producing fruits, i.e. when the fruit harvesting is complete. As a result, new branches emerge later in the plant, increasing the plant’s overall yield. Only after the fruits have been harvested can the plant be cared for or harvested. Because the plant enters a dormant state at this time.
After many years of sowing in the field, bael plants begin to yield. During this time, one can easily grow crops such as vegetables, medicine, spices, or horticultural crops (papaya) in the vacant land between its plants. As a result, the farmer brothers’ crops produce a consistent product. They are not faced with any financial difficulties.
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Plant diseases and how to avoid them
Bael plants are susceptible to a variety of illnesses. Those who do not prevent harm to the plants promptly inflict a great deal of damage to the plants. The influence of which can be noticed in plant yield.
When this disease is first introduced to vine plants, water-like patches appear in the affected areas. As the condition worsens, the colour of these patches changes to brown and their size grows. As a result, the afflicted fruit falls before it ripens. In addition, the damaged leaf develops a large number of pores. A sufficient dose of copper oxychloride or streptomycin sulphate should be sprayed on the plants to avoid this illness.
Dieback disease is a fungal infection that affects bael plants. The plant’s branches begin to dry from top to bottom as a result of this disease. Brown stains appear on the leaves as well. As a result, the plant stops growing. A sufficient dose of copper oxychloride should be sprayed on the plants to avoid this illness.
A tiny drop of fruit
This disease is spread by fungus in bael plants. Fruits break down into small pieces and begin to fall as a result of this sickness. This has an immediate impact on plant output. A sufficient dosage of Carbendazim should be sprayed on the plants to avoid this illness.
leaf with a black spot
When bael plants are infected with this disease, black dots emerge on both sides of the plant’s leaves. As a result, the plant stops growing. A sufficient dosage of Bavistin should be sprayed on the plants to avoid this illness.
This disease is carried by insects on bael plants. This disease’s larva consumes the leaves of the plants, causing them to rot. As a result, the plant stops growing. Neem oil or thioden should be applied to the plants to avoid this disease.
This disease affects bael plants and appears on their leaves. When this disease infects the plants, white coloured dots appear on the leaves. As a result, the plant’s photosynthetic process is halted. A sufficient dose of methyl parathion and gum acacia should be sprayed on the plants to avoid this illness.
After roughly 7 years in the field, the bael plant begins to produce fruit. In January, after the fruits have ripened, they are picked. Its fruits turn greenish-yellow as they ripen. They are then shattered and gathered. They are then sent to the market to be sold.
Profit and yield
In the beginning, plants of various bael kinds produce an average output of roughly 40 kg. Which grows in proportion to the plant’s age. Its fruits sell for a very reasonable price on the open market. As a result, the farmer brothers make a good living.