How to cultivate advanced teas
India has been producing tea since the British colonial period. About 27% of the world’s tea is produced in India. India is still the world’s second-largest tea grower. With a consumption rate of 11%, it is still a significant consumer. Tea is a popular beverage. Its restricted use is good for the body.
After water, tea is the most consumed beverage on the planet. Tea contains the largest quantity of caffeine and is made from the leaves and buds of the tea plant. It appears to be mostly black in hue.
Assam was the first place in India where tea was widely produced. After that, tea production has spread from the north to the south of India. The cultivation of tea necessitates hot temperatures. During the winter, its plants stop growing. Acidic soil is thought to be the best for growing it.
If you are considering growing tea, we can provide you with all of the necessary information now.
Tea growing necessitates land with adequate drainage. It is impossible to grow it on flooded land. Because when there is waterlogging, the plants quickly become ruined. It is only grown in the hill states of India. Its cultivation necessitates the presence of light acidic soil. The pH of the soil is responsible for this. The number should be in the range of 5.4 to 6.
Temperature and climate
The tea plant is a tropical environment plant. Tea requires both hot temperatures and rain to be grown. It is easily planted in an area where there is constantly a rainy season. Its plants thrive in both dry and wet conditions. Its cultivation is best suited to a shady location. Because its plants thrive in a gloomy environment. Its cultivation is harmed by sudden weather changes.
The tea plant needs a normal temperature to flourish at first. Following that, its plants thrive in temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Its plants can withstand temperatures as high as 35 degrees Fahrenheit and as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit. However, when the temperature falls below or rises beyond this, the plants cease to grow.
New and enhanced variants
Tea is grown in many parts of India and comes in a variety of kinds. Seeds and grafting are used to grow tea plants.
The plants of this tea varietal have a bushy appearance. Whose leaves appear to be straight and smooth. This sort of plant produces seeds quite quickly. This variety’s plants have a distinct Chinese tag aroma. Good grade tea can be produced in big numbers if the seeds and leaves of this type are correctly picked.
Assamese is a caste in Assam
The Assamese caste is regarded as the most superior in the world. The leaves of this species of plant are a light green color. It has delicate, lustrous leaves. From the edges, it appears jagged. This variety of plants is utilized for replanting.
Himachal Pradesh produces Kangra tea. From April to October, the leaves of this plant variety are collected. Green tea powder is made from its leaves.
China produces the majority of this type of tea. The fragile leaves and buds of the plant are used to make this type of tea. This sort of tea has a small bitterness to it, and its color is lighter in water.
White silver needle
This type of tea is made with freshly picked buds. All sides of its buds are covered in white hairs. When this variety of tea is steeped in water, it turns a very light hue. It has a pleasant and refreshing flavor.
Green, white, and black teas are the most common. These are made by processing plant leaves, branches, and soft components.
Tea, black or plain
Every family has a supply of black tea. Black tea is available in granular form, which can be used to make a variety of teas. However, ordinary tea is frequently prepared from it daily. The leaves are plucked and curled to make this sort of tea. As a result, their form appears blurry.
A cup of white tea
The fresh and fragile leaves of white tea are used to make it. The flavor of this tea is sweet. White tea has a low caffeine content and a high antioxidant content.
Green tea is made from the plant’s unprocessed leaves. Fresh green tea leaves can also be used to make green tea. It also contains a lot of antioxidants. Green tea is used to make a variety of teas.
Preparing the farm
Tea plants can produce for many years after they are established. It is primarily grown in India’s mountainous regions. Where sloping land is used to cultivate it. Plants will be transplanted into pits on the sloping terrain. These pits are laid out in rows of two and a half to three feet apart. The space between each row should be one to one and a half meters when preparing the pits in rows. They fill the pits once they’re ready by putting organic and artificial fertilizers into the soil. One month before planting, these pits are prepared by filling them.
Seedlings are being planted
Tea plants can be grown from seed or cuttings. A plant is first prepared from its seeds in the nursery for seed cultivation. This is accomplished by treating the seeds and planting them in the nursery at a distance of 5 to 7 cm on beds prepared with the proper amount of organic and chemical fertilizers. The plant is then planted in the fields when it reaches a length of around one fit.
Plant cuttings are used to prepare the plant for insertion into the pen. Its cutting length should be around 15 cm. Boil it in hot water, then dry it before placing soil in polythene and putting it in it. Alternatively, soak a cutting in regular hormone and bury it in damp soil. And keep it covered at the right temperature. The pen germinates a few days after the clipping is planted.
Time and technique of planting
When the tea plant is ripe, it is planted in the fertilizer-prepared trenches. Prepare another small pit in the prepared pits with the use of a scraper before planting the saplings in the pits. The plant’s polythene is removed and put in this prepared little pit. Press the plant well with the earth from all sides after planting in the pits of the plant.
After the wet season, tea plants are planted in the field. The months of October and November are the finest times to plant these plants. Plants grow well during this time when they are planted. The plant will soon be ready for harvesting.
Tea is grown mostly in areas where there is sufficient rainfall. Its plant requires extra water and a shady location. Rainwater is used to irrigating the plant for the most part. When the rain is scarce, however, the fountain method should be used to irrigate the plants. If there is no rain and the temperature is high, it is necessary to irrigate the plants daily. Irrigation, on the other hand, should be done according to the season and at a regular temperature.
More fertilizer is required for tea plants. For this, 15 kilograms of old dung manure, 90 to 120 kg of nitrogen in the form of chemical fertilizers, 90 kg of single super phosphate, and 90 kg of potash should be applied to the plants per acre while creating the pits. After trimming the plants, use this amount of fertilizer three times a year. Aside from that, if there is a sulfur deficit in the field, gypsum should be sprayed in the field from the start.
Control of weeds
Weed management in tea cultivation is accomplished organically using blue hoeing. Do the initial hoeing 20 to 25 days after transplanting the plants for this. In the early years, its plants require additional weed control. However, after its plant has reached full maturity, three to four hoeings per year are sufficient.
Tea plants require more attention at first. To give its plants adequate shape, it is required to clip them at the appropriate period in the beginning. If these cuttings are not taken at the start, the plant can grow up to ten feet in length.
As a result, the plant is only cut to a height of one to one and a half meters. The plant produces extra branches as a result of the cutting. As a result, the plant’s form becomes bushy. More production is generated from the plant when its shape resembles that of a bush. As a result, the plant should be pruned once a year.
Plant diseases and how to avoid them
Tea plants are susceptible to a variety of illnesses. Plant yield loss can be mitigated if properly addressed promptly. Tea plants are usually affected by redworm and algae, blister blight, and black rot insect disease. Brown blight, pink disease, vertebrobasilar decay, black root rot, ankhuva spot, charcoal thawing, root rot, and brown root rot disease are some of the other diseases that can be found. Plants can be regulated to prevent these diseases by spraying a variety of organic and chemical insecticides.
Leaf plucking is a term that refers to the act of removing leaves from
About a year after being transplanted in the field, tea plants are ready to harvest. It is collected three times a year. After March, the leaves are picked for the first time. About three months after the first harvest, the plants are suitable for re-harvesting. Three pluckings of its plants are done in a year in this manner. During the winter, however, due to the harsh cold, its plants cease to grow. As a result, its plants are available for harvesting again in April after their third harvesting in October-November.
Profit and yield
The average annual production per hectare of various tea cultivars is determined to be between 600 and 800 kg. To the farmer brothers, whose market price is also extremely good. As a result, the farmer brothers may easily earn one and a half to two lakhs per year from one hectare of tea property. There is a standard fee for plant care once the plant is put in its crop. However, when the yield rises, the earnings rise with it.