Learn how to grow papaya in a more advanced manner (Papita ki Kheti)
Among fruits, papaya holds a prominent position So in this article today we will be talking about Papaya cultivation cost and profit. This fruit can be eaten fresh or cooked. It is grown in almost every corner of India. In papaya, there is a lot of vitamin A. For people who suffer from dyspepsia, papaya is a miracle worker. Consuming it solves the problem of indigestion. This fruit lowers bile and stimulates appetite. That is why, when we are ill, the doctor also recommends eating papaya.
Varieties of papaya to earn ten lakh rupees in a season
less Papaya cultivation cost and profit upto 10 lakh rupees per season
It has a good amount of water in it, which helps to keep the skin moist. Apart from that, papaya is utilized in cosmetics at home. Many people use papaya pulp on their faces to improve their appearance and retain moisture. Papaya is a popular ingredient in the beauty business. If it is grown in a more advanced manner, more profit can be made at a lower cost. Not only that but its intercropping crops can also be sown in addition to its cultivation. Pulse crops like peas, fenugreek, gramme, French bean, and soybean, among others, can be grown alongside it, but crops like chili, tomato, brinjal, and okra, among others, do not grow as intercrops between papaya plants. The papaya plant gets harmed as a result of this.
Papaya contains a variety of nutrients.
Carica papaya is the botanical name for papaya. Papaya is a member of the Caricaceae family of plants. On a tree from Murkartay, papaya is a polyandrous plant with three sorts of sex: male, female, and male and female. It contains vitamin A. Raw papaya is used to make papain. It has green immature fruit that turns yellow when ripe. Sweet, heavy, spicy, balsamic, and tangy describe ripe papaya.
In India, where is it grown?
Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Assam, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttaranchal, and Mizoram are among the states where it is grown. It is now being grown all over India.
Read More : When to plant hybrid and native cucumbers
Papaya varieties that have been improved
It is a gynodic papaya species with a high output. The taste of ripe fruit is sweet and has an appealing aroma, as it contains two types of blooms, female and male-female, on the same plant. This type can produce a yield of roughly 40-45 kg per tree.
Majesty of Pusa
It’s a gynodic species, too. It has a high level of productivity and storage capacity. It’s a plant that can be found all over India. When it comes to yield, the tree can produce 35-40 kg per tree.
Other kinds are Pusa Joint
Which produces 30-35 kg of fruit per tree, Pooja dwarf, which produces 40-45 kg of fruit per tree, and Pusa Tinha, which produces 25-30 kg of fruit per tree.
Red Lady 786 is a papaya hybrid.
The Punjab Agricultural University in Ludhiana has produced Red Lady 786, a new papaya variety. It’s a crossbreed variety. This variety’s unique feature is that only male and female flowers are present on the plant, ensuring that every plant will bear fruit. Male and female blooms appear on separate plants in other papaya kinds, making it difficult to tell which plant is male and which is female until blossoming. This unique cultivar is distinguished by the absence of the papyric Scott virus, which is found in conventional papaya. This cultivar takes only 9 months to mature. This fruit type also has a large storage capacity. Papaya also contains anti-oxidant components such as carotene, potassium, magnesium, fiber, and vitamins A, B, and C, all of which are beneficial to one’s health. Haryana, Delhi, Western Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Rajasthan are also growing.
Time to plant papayas
Although it may be grown all year, the best months to grow papaya are February and March and October, because the growth of papaya grown during these months is quite good.
Climate and soil conditions for papaya production
Best climate for less papaya cultivation cost and profit increment
In a hot and humid atmosphere, papaya grows nicely. It may be grown at temperatures ranging from 38 to 44 degrees Celsius, with a minimum of 5 degrees Celsius. Heat and frost can cause significant harm to papaya. The papaya tree is a fast-growing tree. This tree thrives in average soil with a little heat and plenty of sunlight, but it doesn’t appreciate too much water or alkali in the soil. On the other hand, the cultivation of papaya requires light loam or loamy soil with a pH of 6.5-7.5 and good drainage.
Plant Preparation / How To Prepare A Papaya Nursery
To produce papaya, it is critical to growing plants in a nursery. For this, 500 grammes of seed is sufficient to cover one hectare. Seeds that are fully ripe, well-drained, and preserved in a glass jar or bottle with a covered mouth that are no more than 6 months old are appropriate. The seed should be treated with 3 grammes of captan and one kilograms of seed before sowing.
Seeds should be planted in a narrow bed that is raised high above the ground; alternatively, huge pots or wooden boxes can be utilized. Combine equal parts of leaf manure, sand, and century-old manure in a mixing bowl. The area where the nursery will be built should be ploughed, hoed, and cleaned after all pebbles and weeds have been removed, and the earth should be treated with 2% formalin. The location should be in an area with little direct sunshine and plenty of shade.
One acre of plants can be grown on 4059 meters of land. Make a 2.5 * 10 * 0.5-inch bed, mix the above ingredients thoroughly, and level the bed from above. Fold the mixture and sow the treated seed in a row at 1/2′ depth at a distance of 3′ * 6′, covering it with 1/2′ dung manure mixture and pressing it with wood so that the seed does not remain on top. If you’re going to grow your plants in pots or boxes, use the same mixture. In the morning and evening, cover the seeded beds with dry grass or straw and water with hoses. Within 15-20 days of sowing, the seeds are frozen. When these plants reach a height of 25 cm and have 4-5 leaves. If done, transplanting should be done in the field after two months; before transplanting, the pots should be kept in the sun; excessive irrigation causes rot and elevated infections. Nursery seeds should be planted in northern India in March-April, June-August.
Preparing the farm
The field should be thoroughly prepared and levelled before planting saplings so that the water does not fill up. Pits measuring 50 * 50 * 50 cm should be excavated at a distance of 1.5 * 1.5 meters for papaya, with 30 grammes of BHC in each pit. The mixture of 10% dust should be handled. A spacing of 1.8 × 1.8 m should be maintained between high-growing kinds. Plants should be spaced 20-25 centimeters apart.
Leave the pits exposed for 15 days on the field that you dug 50 * 50 * 50 cm in size at a spacing of 2 * 2 meters so that they acquire sunlight and hazardous insects such as insects and pathogens. After that, it’s time to plant the plant. After planting, fill the pit with soil and cow dung manure, along with 50 grammes of Aldrin, so that it stays 10-15 cm above the ground. Irrigation should be applied once the pit has been filled to ensure that the soil settles properly. Keep in mind that the pit should be covered while planting the plant so that water does not reach the stem.
Fertilizers and manures
Early in the season, papaya begins to bear fruit. As a result, more fertile land is required. To get a healthy crop, 200 grammes of nitrogen, 250 grammes of phosphorus, and 500 grammes of potash are needed per plant. Aside from that, each plant requires 20-25 kg of decomposed cow dung, one kg of bone meal, and one kg of neem cake per year. In the months of March-April, July-August, and October, this fertilizer should be applied three times in equal amounts.
Papaya is a fast-growing, fruit-bearing plant that removes a lot of nutrients from the soil. Every year, 250 grammes of nitrogen, 150 grammes of phosphorus, and 250 grammes of potash should be applied to each plant to ensure a satisfactory output. From two months after planting, the nitrogen should be divided into six parts and sprayed every other month.
Two times the amount of phosphorus and potassium should be provided. Fertilizers should be thoroughly mixed in the soil before being scattered around the plant at a 30 cm distance from the stem. In February-March, half of the phosphorus and potash should be given, and the other half should be given in July-August. A modest watering should be supplied after fertilizer application.
Other operations, such as irrigation
Maintaining the proper moisture level in the soil is critical for the healthy growth of papaya plants and the production of high-quality fruit. Plant growth and fruit output are harmed by excessive lack of moisture. Irrigate as needed in the fall, at intervals of 10-15 days, and in the summer, at intervals of 5-7 days. Drip technology can be used to implement a modern irrigation method. Aside from it, weeds growing around its plants were eliminated regularly. Although there is less of an issue in this area, weeds still sprout during rainy days and should be eliminated. Aside from that, smoke should be used to the field to protect it from frost in the winter, and irrigation should be applied as needed to keep the field moist.
Pests of papaya and how to deal with them
Aphid – The insect’s scientific name is Aphis gossip, Mijus parasiki. The sap is sucked from the lower surface of the leaves by both the young and the adult of this insect. They also operate as a carrier of mosaic disease within the plant.
2 mL/L methyl demethane as a control measure Spraying on the leaves after planting should be done every 15 days after mixing it with water.
Tretranychus synovarinus is the scientific name for the red spider. It is the most common papaya pest, causing the fruits to turn rough and black in appearance. When the fungus attacks the leaves, it turns yellow.
Control procedures – As soon as the plant is attacked, remove the injured leaves and bury them in the pit. 2.5 g/L Sulfur Wettable Alternatively, Dicofol 18.5 EC 2.5 ml or Omite 1.5 ml / l can be used. It should be sprayed after being combined with water.
When should papaya be harvested?
When the top half of the papaya fruit starts to turn yellow, it’s time to pick it together with the stalk. Healthy, uniformly sized fruits should be separated after harvesting, and rotten fruits should be removed separately.
Papain extract from papaya fruit: method and production
Papain is usually derived from papaya’s unripe fruits. 90-100 days mature ripe fruits should be chosen for papain. 3 mm from freshly harvested apples in the morning In a circular shape, 3-4 deep incisions should be made. Before doing so, have a plastic container ready to collect the milk that drips from the plants’ fruits. Following 3-4 days, the papain should be gathered for the second time (after incision) on the fruit. After receiving papain (milk), a preservative of 0.5 per cent potassium mentabi sulphate should be applied to keep papain fresh for 3-4 days. The papain can be sent to the processing site after it has been fully dried.
Plants of acceptable kinds of CO-2 and CO-5 for papaya papain yield 100-150 grammes of papain per plant each year in this manner. This papain has been completely dried and packed. After fully drying the papain, it can be transferred to Maharashtra’s Jalgaon and Yevala (Nashik) factories for processing. This will provide you with a good income. Furthermore, after extracting the papain from these fruits, other processed products such as tutti frutti, marmalade, and the jam jelly of ripe fruits can be canned by making a jellied murabba ras or pulp called puree. This indicates that India exports a lot of papaya puree.
Papaya Yield / Earnings from Papaya Cultivation
Improved papaya types typically yield 35-50 kg per plant, however, this new variety can yield 2-3 times more. Papaya productivity per hectare in the United States is 317 quintals/ha. In a season, a healthy papaya tree can produce up to 40 kilograms of fruit. If you retain a 6 foot spacing between two hills and plant trees accordingly, you can get roughly 2250 trees in one hectare. As a result, one hectare of papaya cultivation can generate 900 quintals of papaya in a season. If you cultivate hybrid papaya, you’ll be able to earn money like this:
165,400 rupees is the total cost.
Total yield (quintal per hectare) = 900
The total amount obtained from the transaction is Rs.405,000.
2.44 Profit-to-Cost Ratio
1,94,600 profit / net profit from papaya cultivation
If you grow papaya on 5 hectares, you’ll get 1946600*5 = Rs.9,73,000 in this way. Aside from that, the income from selling papaya papain is unique. You can earn up to ten lakh rupees in a season in this manner.