Olives: How to Grow Them Olive Oil Price | Olive Farming in Hindi
Olive Farming-Related Information
Olive trees are grown for the oil they produce. And it is in high demand in nearly every country on the planet. If olives are grown in India as well, the farmer brothers would be able to enhance their economy and earn more money. Olives are used to manufacture beauty items and pharmaceuticals in addition to essential oil.Large hotels also utilize olive oil. As a result, it’s price is similarly high. Olive fruits are used to prepare delectable foods, and because they contain significant concentrations of vitamins, antioxidants, phenol, and oleic acid, their oil is also effective in stomach and cancer diseases.
It’s also good for lowering cholesterol and treating heart disease. Previously, olive cultivation was not practiced in India, but this has changed recently. If you want to make extra money by growing olives, this article will teach you how to grow olives and how much olive oil costs.
Cultivation of Olives in India
Olive production is limited to a few districts in India, and a goal has been established to plant olives on 200 hectares in the Rajasthan districts of Ganganagar, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Churu, and Hanumangarh in the near future. Aside from that, it can be grown in other districts on an experimental basis. In the year 2008, Israel assisted in the importation of one lakh twelve thousand plants into the United States. Israel’s climate and landscape are comparable to Rajasthan’s. Aside from that, in the fiscal year 2008-10, seven agricultural areas on state-owned land were prepared for olive cultivation. In the 2015-16 season, 296 hectares of olive groves were planted.
Countries that produce olives around the world
Olive growing has been practiced all across the world for a long time. North West Syria, Palestine, Cyprus, and Lebanon are among the Mediterranean regions that grow it, whereas the largest olive producers are America, Tunisia, Turkey, Morocco, Spain, Syria, Portugal, Egypt, and Italy. Its plant can reach a height of 3 to 10 meters and is recognized for producing large yields.
Benefits of Olives
- Fresh fruits include 14 percent oil, 2 percent protein, 75 percent water, 6 percent fat, 4 percent carbohydrate, and 1 percent fiber, as well as minerals, proteins, and vitamins.
- Olive oil is more good to the body’s wellness.
- It lowers harmful cholesterol levels in the body and lowers the risk of heart disease.
- It keeps the digestive tract in good shape by preventing cancer.
- Olives are mostly used to extract oil.
- It’s also used in salads and pickles, among other things.
- Olives are abundant in polyunsaturated fatty acids, which help to lower cholesterol levels, making them a good choice for heart disease patients.
Cultivation Climate for Olives
Although the olive tree is evergreen, it requires 400 to 2000 neutral hours in the fall. Olive farming is simple in places between 650 and 2300 meters above sea level. Its plants can survive on 100-120 cm of rain throughout the wet season. Olives require a temperature range of 15 to 20 degrees to produce a healthy crop, and the plants can only withstand a maximum temperature of 12.2 degrees.
Read more : Lilium Propagation Techniques
Land for Olive Cultivation
Olives can be cultivated on land with good drainage, but they can also be produced in a variety of soils. Its cultivation consists of acidic and alkaline soil with a P.H. value of between 6.5 and 8.0. Although its plant calcium calcium and boron grow well in soil, the yield is lower. Hard land should not be used to grow olives.
Improved Olive Varieties fritio
It is a late-maturing cultivar with medium-sized fruit with a rounded top, and the color of the fruit turns purple as it ripens. Each plant yields 15 to 20 kg. In which oil accounts for up to 26% of the total.
This variety produces an inconsistent output, with each plant providing 10 to 15 kilograms. This variety’s fruit contains 22 to 24 percent oil, has a regular size, and is purple in color.
It’s a late-harvesting cultivar. Whose per-plant yield is between 10 and 15 kg. Its fruit is medium in size and oval in shape, and when fully mature, it becomes purple. Because the plants of this kind are more spread out, particular care must be made to prune them.
This variety yields well and needs less time to grow. A single plant produces 20 to 25 kg of fruit, with 20 to 22 percent oil. The olive fruit is purple in color and slightly smaller than average in size.
The fruit harvested from this cultivar is huge and heavy. One plant yields 7 to 10 kg, with 10 to 17 percent oil. After maturing, the fruit takes on a purple hue.
It is a late-maturing olive variety with a yield of 15 to 18 kg per plant and up to 20% oil. After ripening, the fruit turns purple in color and is of average size.
Aside from it, there are several varieties of olives, including Arabicuna, Korniyaki, Fisolina, Barenia, and Pickwal, among others.
Prepare the field by plowing it thoroughly before planting olive trees. After that, create 3X3-foot pits in the field for seedling planting by spraying 40 to 50 kg of rotten cow dung with anti-termite medicine and leaving the pits in this state for three to four days. Then, in the centre of these pits, build a small pit and plant olive plants in it. Maintain a 6-meter space between these plants in the field, and irrigate the seedlings using the drip method after planting.
Pruning Olive Trees
Olive plants are more spread out, and extra branches appear on the plants during the wet season. In this case, the plants should be clipped so that the bush of one plant does not impact the other plants. Aside from that, remove and isolate the infected branches from the plants. Pruning plants should be done with extreme caution so that the fruits are not harmed.
Treatment for Olive Plant Disease
Anthracnose is a disease that affects the leaves and fruits of olive trees, causing dark brown patches on the leaves. Spray Lime 1600 GM + Copper Sulphate 1600 GM in 200 liters of water on olive plants in June to avoid this illness, and spray 5 of a kind at a 3-week interval.
Olive Production and Cost
After 3 to 4 years of transplanting, the olive plant begins to bear fruit.Olive’s plants produce less oil than the fruits that appear in the beginning, which contain 10 to 15% oil, however, when the plant reaches the age of 7 to 8 years, the amount of oil produced should be 15 to 18%. In a one-hectare field, up to 475 trees can be planted, yielding 20 to 27 quintals of oil. Olives sell for 180 to 200 rupees per kilogram on the market, which means that farmer brothers can earn 3 to 5 lakhs by producing olives.