Linseed cultivation in 2022

Spread the love

Linseed cultivation in 2022

Farmers should undertake advanced linseed cultivation for a larger yield; this is how current linseed cultivation works.
Flaxseed demand has risen dramatically in recent years due to its versatility as a crop. Linseed is a valuable oilseed crop that is utilized in a variety of businesses as well as in the production of pharmaceuticals. Linseed can be used in a variety of ways, both directly and indirectly. The oil derived from linseed seeds is frequently utilized to make medicines rather than as food. Its oil is used in the production of paints, varnishes, and lubricants, as well as pad inks and press printing inks. Its seeds are applied to boils and pimples as a poultice.

Linseed stems are used to make high-quality fiber, which is then spun into linen. Flaxseed cake is used as manure and as animal feed for milking animals due to the right amount of plant nutrients in the cake. Linseed plant woody parts and small fibers are used to produce paper. Farmers should keep the following factors in mind while cultivating linseed to increase productivity.

Land selection and preparation for linseed farming

line seed , alsi

The crop thrives on black, thick, and loamy soils. More fertile soils are preferred over medium fertile soils. The land should have a functional drainage system. Linseed cultivation, according to modern thinking, can be done successfully in any type of soil with correct water and fertilizer management. The field should be friable and weed-free to ensure successful germination. As a result, it is required to pat the field with a running harrow 2-3 times to conserve moisture. Because the grain of linseed is small and fine, a fine field is essential for successful germination.

Biopesticide is used to treat the land (Bio fungicide) Trichoderma viridi is a kind of Trichoderma. For the control of land-borne and seed-borne diseases, use 1% WP. Trichoderma harzianum OR Trichoderma harzianum WP is 2 percent. 2.5 kilograms 60-75 kilograms per hec. In the control of linseed seeds/land borne illnesses, mixing decaying cow dung with manure and keeping it in the shade for 8-10 days before mixing it in the soil on the last tillage before sowing helps.

Read more : Sunflower Cultivation in INDIA | 2022

Linseed species and cultivars that have progressed and developed

respectability

1985 (in the state of Uttar Pradesh).
In irrigated locations, productivity is 20-25 q/ha, with a maturity time of 125-130 days. For ocher/rust resistant and heat tolerant plains, contains 42-43 percent oil. to be used in the manufacturing of seeds

White

it was first released in the state of Uttar Pradesh in 1985.
The ripening period is 130-135 days, and productivity is 15-18 quintals per hectare in irrigated areas and 10-15 quintals per hectare in non-irrigated areas. Seed production comprises 43-44 percent oil.

shubhra

In 1985 (Uttar Pradesh, India), the film was released.
The ripening period is 130-135 days, and productivity is 20-22 quintals per hectare in irrigated areas and 10-12 quintals per hectare in non-irrigated areas. For seed production, contains 43-45 percent oil, gerui / rust inhibitor Uktha, and bud fly inhibitor.

Lakshmi 27

In 1987 (Uttar Pradesh, India), the film was released.
In irrigated areas, productivity is 15-18 quintals per hectare, and in non-irrigated areas, productivity is 10-15 quintals per hectare, with a ripening time of 115-120 days. For seed production, contains 43-45 percent oil and is suited for Bundelkhand / Gerui / Rust resistance.

Padmini

first released in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh in 1999.
The ripening period is 120-125 days, with a productivity of 15-18 quintals per hectare in irrigated areas and 12-15 quintals per hectare in non-irrigated areas. For seed production, contains 43-45 percent oil and is mildew disease resistant.

Sekhar 

first released in the year 2001 (in the state of Uttar Pradesh).
Irrigated areas have productivity of 20-25 quintals per hectare, and non-irrigated areas have a productivity of 14-16 quintals per hectare, with a maturity time of 135-140 days. For seed production, contains 43-43 percent oil and is ideal for plain environments.

Sharda.

In 2006, released in state of Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Odisha .In irrigated areas, productivity is 16-18 q/ha, with a ripening period of 105-110 days. White buccane inhibitory with 43-45 percent oil content.

Mau Azad

was first released in Uttar Pradesh in 2008.
In an irrigated region, productivity is 16-18 quintals per hectare, with a ripening period of 120-125 days. Contains 43-45 percent oil and is resistant to burning.

Utera Linseed (R.L.C. – 153)

State – Uttar Pradesh) was released in 2019.
Irrigated area productivity is 12.50-15.00 quintal per hectare, with a ripening period of 125-135 days.

Rajni (LCK – 1009)

(State – Uttar Pradesh) was released in 2019.
In an irrigated area, productivity is 15.28 q/ha, with a ripening period of 133 days and resistance to Alternaria blight and rust.

JLS – 95 (State – Uttar Pradesh)

was released in 2018.
In irrigated areas, productivity is 12.50-14.50 quintals per hectare, with a ripening period of 125-130 days.

Uma (LK – 1101)

is a character in the LK series.
The film was released in 2017 (in the state of Uttar Pradesh).
Irrigated – 8.68 quintals per hectare (Non-irrigated – Plant height 67 cm), ripening duration 123 days, moderately resistant to Alternaria blight and wilt, insect tolerant

Indu (LCC – 1108)

(State – Uttar Pradesh) was released in 2017.
(Non-irrigated – plant height 76 cm) quintal per hectare, ripening period 137 days, resistant to Alternaria blight, powdery mildew, and rust.

Pride

was first released in 1987 (in the state of Uttar Pradesh).
The yield is 18-20 quintals per hectare (irrigated) and 12-14 quintals per hectare (non-irrigated), with a ripening period of 135-150 days. Oil content is 42-43 percent, making it ideal for use in plain terrain.

 crest.

1997,released in the state of Uttar Pradesh .The yield is 20-22 quintals per hectare (irrigated) and 13-15 quintals per hectare (non-irrigated), with a ripening period of 135-150 days. Oil content is 42-41 percent, making it ideal for use in plain terrain.

Rashmi

released in 1999 in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, and Rajasthan.
The yield is 20-24 quintals per hectare (irrigated) and 14-15 quintals per hectare (non-irrigated), with a ripening period of 135-140 days. Oil content is 41-42 percent, making it ideal for use in plain terrain.

Parvati 

2001 (States: Assam, Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal).
The yield is 20-22 quintals per hectare (irrigated), 13-14 quintals per hectare (non-irrigated), and the ripening period is 140-145 days. Ukatha, gerui / rust and mildew powder recommended for Bundelkhand contains 41-42 percent oil and is disease resistant.

interest (State – Uttar Pradesh) was released in 2011.

In irrigated locations, productivity is 22-25 quintals of fiber per hectare, with a ripening period of 132-135 days. The entire state of Uttar Pradesh contains 40-42 percent oil. Gerui / rust and mildew powder disease resistance is recommended for a cure.

Linseed from Jawahar – 23 (Irrigated)

In 1992 (State – Madhya Pradesh), the film was released.
In irrigated areas, productivity is 15-18 quintals per hectare; ripening time is 120-125 days; resistant to dahiya and uktha disease; tolerant of blight and gerua.

Suyog (JLS – 27)

is a member of the Junior League of Singapore (JLS) (Irrigated)
In 2004, it was released in the states of Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, and Rajasthan.
The cane period is 115-120 days, somewhat resistant to ocher, powdery ash, and fruit fly, and productivity in irrigated areas is 15-20 quintals per hectare.

Linseed from Jawahar – 9 (non-irrigated)

In 1999 (State – Madhya Pradesh), the film was released.
In unirrigated environments, yields 11-13 quintals per hectare, with a ripening period of 115-120 days and resistance to dahiya, uktha, powdery mildew, and other diseases.

JLS – 66 (Non-Irrigated)

(State – Madhya Pradesh) was released in 2010.
In irrigated locations, yields 12-13 quintals per hectare, ripens in 114 days, and is resistant to the powdery site, uktha, blight, and ocher diseases.

JLS – 67 (Non-Irrigated)

(State – Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh) was released in 2010.
In irrigated locations, yields 11-12 quintals per hectare, with a 110-day ripening period and resistance to the powdery site, uktha, blight, and ocher diseases.

In 2011, JLS 73 (Non-Irrigated)

was launched (States: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh).
In irrigated locations, productivity ranges from 10 to 11 quintals per hectare, with a ripening period of 112 days and resistance to powdery mildew, uktha, blight, and ocher diseases.

Seed treatment, sowing method, and timing

Irrigated areas should sow in the first fortnight of October, while non-irrigated areas should sow in the first fortnight of November. Sowing for utera crops should take place 7 days before paddy harvest. Linseed crops can be preserved from pod fly, powdery mildew, and other pests if planted early.

Seed rate: 30 kg/ha for seed-only species, 50 kg/ha for bi-purpose species
For seed-purpose species, a distance of 25 cm is required. 20 cm for bi-purpose and trunk-to-trunk species. seed treatment: pool to pool
The infection of scorch, udder and other diseases in the linseed crop arises first from seed or land, or both, for which the seed should be treated with 2.5 grams Thiram or 2 grams Carbendazim per kg. Seed treatment should be done on a per-seed basis.

Fertilizer and manure To produce a good yield in an unirrigated area, use 50 kg of nitrogen. Phosphorus 40 kilogram and Phosphorus 40 kg In irrigated areas, at a rate of potash and 100 kg. Phosphorus (60 kg), nitrogen (40 kg), and potassium (40 kg). Potash should be applied at a rate of per hectare. In irrigated conditions, full quantities of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash should be applied by choga at the time of planting, while in non-irrigated conditions, half quantities of nitrogen and full quantities of phosphorus should be applied by choga at the time of sowing. Use the following: In an irrigated situation, use the remaining half of the nitrogen as a dressing after the first watering. It is preferable to use superphosphate for phosphorus.

Read more : What is the best way to start a chicken farming business?

Irrigation in linseed farming

Although this crop is frequently grown in irrigated form, where irrigation is available, two irrigations, the first at blooming and the second at grain formation, boost output.

Linseed weed control

Weeds such as Bathua, Senji, Kushnil, Hirankhuri, Chatri-Matri, Akra-Akri, Wild Carrot, Onion, Khartua, Satyanashi, and others have been seen primarily in linseed, and farmers should take these steps to eradicate them.

Control treatments: The first weeding should be done 20 to 25 days after seeding, and the second weeding should be done 40-45 days afterward. Pendimethalin (30% EC) for chemical weed control in the linseed crop. Within 2-3 days of sowing, dissolve 3.30 liters per hectare in 800-1000 liters of water and spray uniformly with a flat fan nozzle.

Rust disease is the most common disease in the linseed crop.                                                                                             Melampsora lineae are the fungus that causes this sickness. When the illness first appears, bright orange-colored pimples appear on both sides of the leaves, and the sickness rapidly spreads to all regions of the plant. For disease control, disease-resistant types should be planted. Tebuconazole per acre, 2 percent 1 liter as a chemical medication Dissolve 500-600 grams of Kapton Hexakonazal in 500 liters of water before spraying.

Wilt is a disease that affects plant                                                                                                                                                            This is a serious soil-borne disease that can strike linseed at any stage of development, from germination to maturity. The edges of sick plants’ leaves curl inward and wither. This disease is spread through crop residue that has accumulated in the field. Its pathogens can be found in crop leftovers and soil, where they infect plants in a favorable environment. Improved varieties should be planted. Trichoderma viridi is a kind of Trichoderma.Trichoderma harzianum (1%), Trichoderma harzianum ( For the control of Uktha illness, use 2% WP at a dose of 4.0 grams per kilogram. Seed treatment should be done on a per-seed basis.

Mildew with a powdery appearance (ghost disease)
A white powdery form of the disease forms on the leaves when it is infected. The grains decrease and become tiny when the disease intensity is severe. Late sowing, winter rains, and prolonged humidity enhance the risk of this disease spreading. The upper classes were expelled. 300 grams per acre thiophenyl methyl 70 percent w. P. Spraying should be done at a rate of one pound per square meter.

Angmari is a fictional character (Alternaria)
The entire aerial section of the linseed plant is affected by this disease, however, the majority of the illness is apparent on the flowers and leaves. On the underside of flower petals, dark brown vertical dots develop. The spots grow larger and extend within the bloom in a favorable environment, causing the blossoms to dry out before they emerge. This prevents grains from forming in the diseased blooms. Castes have improved as a result of the sow. Alternaria leaf spot disease is controlled with Thiram 75 percent WS. 2.5 g per kilogram Seed treatment should be done on a per-seed basis. For the treatment of Alternaria leaf spot and gerui disease, use Macozeb 75 WP. Approximately 600-750 liters of water should be dissolved in 2.0 kg per hectare and sprayed.

Bukney disease
This illness causes the white powder to form on the leaves, which causes the leaves to dry out. For the treatment of Bukney disease, soluble sulfur 80 percent WP is used. 2.50 kilograms Spraying should be done using a solution of 600-750 liters of water per hectare.

Bud fly is a major pest in the linseed crop.
In adult size, it is tiny and orange in hue. Whose wings can be seen through? Its caterpillar causes agricultural damage. The caterpillar feeds on the ovary, which does not produce capsules or seeds. In the lowest part of the petals, the female insect lays 1 to 10 eggs. As a result, the caterpillar emerges from the pod and consumes the reproductive organs, particularly the ovaries. As a result, the pod does not mature into a flower, and the capsule and seed do not form. It is the most devastating pest to linseed, causing yield losses of up to 60% to 85%. Imidacloprid 17.8 sl. 100 ml./ha for control At a rate of Rs. 500-600 liters Spray after dissolving in water.

Adult insect of the linseed caterpillar
It’s a medium-sized dark brown or gray butterfly with dark gray front wings and yellow markings. The outer surface of the hind wings is grey and the outer surface is white, lustrous, and semitransparent. The caterpillar is brown and is long. Which clings to the upper section of the stem’s leaves and eats the outer part of them. This bug causes plants to stop growing.

Caterpillar with a semi-coiled body
This insect’s adult moths have golden markings on their front wings. When the pods produce soft leaves and pods, the caterpillar, which is green in color, damages them by devouring them.

Worm of one gram
The adult of this insect is brown, with black dots the size of bean seeds on its front wings. Caterpillars come in a variety of colors, including yellow, green, orange, pink, brown, and black. The lateral sections of the body have pale and dark stripes. The little caterpillar eats the plants’ green parts, causing damage to the blooms and pods.

Hairy Beard: The caterpillar is black and has hair covering its entire body. The worms consume the leaves at first by living in the herd, then spread out across the field and eat the leaves. When a plant is severely infected, it loses all of its leaves. Malathion 5% DP is used to control hairy dander in animals weighing 20-25 kg. Spray or Dichlorovas 76 percent EC per hectare (1.50 liters) or Malathion 50 percent EC per hectare (1.50 liters). 25 percent EC Quantity or Qunalphas The solution should be dissolved in 600-750 liters of water and sprayed at a rate of 1.25 liters per hectare.

Galmij: This insect’s larva destroys the stamens inside the crop’s blooming buds, preventing grains from forming in the beans. Monocrotophos 36 percent SL. per hectare by dissolving in 600-750 liters of water or Oxydemetan-methyl 25 percent EC for the control of gallmis. of 1.00 liters or Oxydemetan-methyl 25 percent EC for the management of gallmis. Spraying is required.

Harvesting, threshing, and storage of linseed

Harvest the crop when the leaves have dried out, the capsules have turned brown, and the seeds have become glossy. The seed should be stored with a relative humidity of up to 70% and a moisture content of 8%.

Fiber extraction from dried stems method

Removing fiber by hand is a method that has been around for a long time. With dry rotting stem wood pebbles, beat well. The stem’s wood will break down into straw, which may be collected easily by sweeping and cleaning the fiber.

A mechanical procedure

Small bundles of dried rotting stems are placed on the machine’s receiving surface and run, allowing the crushed/crushed stems to exit from the opposite side.
The fiber is obtained by shaking and cleaning the machine’s pressed/crushed stem.
If the groundwood of the stem is not completely separated from the fiber in one go, put it back in the machine and thoroughly separate the stem wood.

Leave a Comment