How to grow Banana’s
Farmers may be able to make a nice living by growing bananas. Banana farming is supposed to have begun around 4000 years ago in Malaysia. Banana is grown in many Indian provinces. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, and Assam are among the states where kela is widely grown. Banana cultivation is also taking place in several parts of Uttar Pradesh at the same time. So, let’s learn how to grow bananas.
Rajiv is growing bananas for the first time in Uttar Pradesh:
Rajiv Singh of Navali village in Bah tehsil near Agra, Uttar Pradesh, is growing bananas for the first time. He’s established a banana crop on roughly two acres this time. His farm, which is perfectly safe, has roughly 1500 plants. They are anticipating a good output from this. They estimate that each plant will produce 80 to 100 kilograms of fruit. In his field, he has planted bananas of the ‘G-9’ variety. Which is thought to be a superior banana cultivar. In his field, Rajiv has employed Vermicompost, Potash, and Trichoderma. He has made his own vermicompost for the crop. They say they irrigate every 15 days to preserve the moisture in the banana plants.
Soil for Banana Agriculture: Loamy and high loam soils with deep silt are suitable for banana cultivation. It can also be grown in a variety of high-nutrient soils at the same time. According to agricultural specialists, the pH of the soil should be between 6 and 7.5 for excellent banana production. Banana agriculture thrives in soil rich in nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Farmers who grow bananas should take great care to avoid planting them in calcium-rich sandy soil.
Field preparation for banana cultivation
First and foremost, undertake a deep plowing in the summer. Allow the field to receive adequate sunshine for a few days before plowing the land three to four times with a cultivator. Cow dung or vermicompost should be applied during the final plowing of the land. Following that, the field should be leveled using a blade harrow or a laser leveler.
Banana Plant Transplanting
The best period to sow banana plants is from the middle of February to the first week of March. Make a 45 to 60 cm deep trench for transplanting plants. Allow the pits to sit in the sun for a while after that. As a result, the insects that live on the land will perish. Along with the plants in the pit, add dung manure, neem cake, and carbofuron spice. The earth should be pressed firmly into the pits. Take extra care not to plant the plants too deeply during this process.
Seeds for Banana Cultivation in Quantity
In one acre, 1452 plants are planted if a space of 1.8 x 1.5 meters is maintained between the plants. On the other hand, if the plants are spaced 2 meters apart and 2.5 meters apart, a total of 800 plants will be planted in one acre.
Banana Cultivation Seed Treatment
Wash the roots of banana plants with Chlorpyriphos 20 EC 2.5 ml before planting in the field. Prepare a solution per liter of water and soak it in it. At the same time, 50 grams of carbofuron 3 percent CG should be applied to each plant root to protect the knots from nematode.
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Banana Farming Fertilizer
Take 450 grams of urea and 350 grams of murate of potash and split it into five parts, which should be applied five times per plant for maximum yield. The first dose should be given in February, followed by the second dose in March, the third dose in June, the fourth dose in July, and the fifth dose in August.
Banana Cultivation Weed Control
During the initial deep plowing, weeds should be eliminated from the field. Simultaneously, when the seedlings have germinated, spray Duron 80 percent WP 800 grams in 150 liters of water over an acre.
Banana Farming Irrigation
High banana production necessitates 70-75 irrigations. Irrigation should be done every 7-8 days in the winter and every 4-5 days in the summer. Explain that for a decent yield from a banana crop, frequent watering is essential.
Banana Cultivation Harvesting
After 11 to 12 months of cultivation, banana harvesting begins. Pay special attention to the fact that bananas should only be harvested when they are fully ripe for the local market. To transport them to a distant market, they should be harvested when they are 75-80% ripe.