Cultivation and profits from Groundnut farming

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2022 Groundnut Cultivation, Time and profits from Groundnut cultivation

Groundnut, also known as the poor man’s cashew, is more postic than cashew. Groundnut cultivation is recognized in Kharif crops as a crop that may be prepared at a reasonable cost. Farmers’ brothers claim that there is a healthy trade and demand for groundnut in the country, resulting in stable demand and prices.

Farmers in the country can make a lot of money by producing it in brother-friendly locations, so let’s learn about: Peanut types, organic groundnut farming, how to cultivate groundnut, technique of cultivation, entire groundnut production information, and so on.

Is there a suitable climate and soil for growing groundnuts?

Groundnuts are effectively grown on Baluvar, Baluwar loam, loam, and black soil in various sections of the country. However, groundnuts thrive on Baluvar (sandy)  loam soil. Higher yields are obtained in soils with a pH greater than 5.0.

Groundnut is a tropical crop that can be successfully grown in regions where the summer season is long enough. This crop requires little water, plenty of sunlight, and a little higher temperature than most others.

Agricultural preparation

groundnut , mungfali

It is recommended that the field be ploughed with a cultivator or Palau once or twice before cultivation. The field is 10-15 cm deep. The best ploughing method is deep ploughing. Groundnut formation in the land caused by deep ploughing of the field or bean formation at a greater depth causes problems when digging.

Groundnut cultivars and attributes have significantly enhanced

In comparison to older groundnut varieties, the new enhanced cultivars have a higher yield potential and are less susceptible to pests and illnesses.

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Approved varieties should be utilized, according to the climate and soil in your area, to produce a good yield.

Major Improved Varieties and Characteristics Variety Names

AK-12-24

  • This groundnut cultivar grows straight and is ready in 100-105 days. Lentils have a yield of 1250 kg per acre.

(G-201)

  • It’s a medium-spreading cultivar that takes 108-112 days to mature.
  • Has the ability to produce 1700 kg of legumes per hectare.

J-11

  • It’s a jhumka cultivar that takes 100-105 days to completely mature.
  • Around 1300 kg of production per hectare is possible.

Jyothi

  • It is a tufted cultivar that takes 105-110 days to mature.
  • The capability of production is 1600 kg of legumes per hectare.

Is it time to sow the peanuts?

The monsoon-monsoon rains are crucial for this Kharif crop. But, because of irrigation, farmers are now able to earn a high profit even when cultivating early and late in the season —

Groundnuts are sown early in the season (Kharif)

Sowing groundnuts before the 15th of June is considered early.

On-time sowing of Groundnuts

Groundnut seeds were sown from the 15th to the last days of June.

Peanuts are sown late in the season.

Late farming refers to the spreading of groundnut seeds in July. This form of sowing necessitates 1-2 irrigations in the last stages of growth.

Time to plant peanuts

The sowing date has a significant impact on peanut production.

When sowing, there should be enough moisture in the field, but keep in mind that even excessive wetness might cause seed rotting.

The crop will grow faster if you sow it early.

Groundnut seed quantity and sowing

Seeds can also be created at home by farmer brothers; in this case, sow the seeds after treating them before sowing. Farmers can acquire groundnut seed variety seed from the service center on time

The seeded groundnut should be completely matured, ripe, thick, healthy, and free of cracks.

The skin of the groundnut should be carefully removed 2-3 days before seeding to avoid damaging the red inner cover of the grain since this would reduce the seed’s germination power.

When it comes to seed sowing, the average seed weight per hectare is 60 to 70 kg.

Use the variety according to the parameters listed on it for seed quantity.

What is the best way to grow groundnuts?

Drilling Seeds with a Seed Drill Machine

Sowing is done with a seed drill machine at a distance of 7-8 cm from the seed and 5-6 cm deep in this approach.

Method of Dibbler

The Dibbler machine is used to sow in this way.

This is a groundnut sowing machine that is operated by hand.

The Dibbler method preserves seeds by growing them whole.

This approach is ineffective for sowing over a larger area, sowing over a smaller area, sowing with a seed scraper or dibbler, sowing time, and sowing with a dibbler when the requirement is greater than this method.

Are there any gaps in the groundnut plants?

Crop yield is heavily influenced by plant spacing.

In tufted / jhumka kinds, keep a distance of 45 * 10 cm.

Spreading variants are 60 * 10 cm in size.

What fertilizer should I use on peanuts?

Manure & Fertilizer- To acquire a good yield of groundnut, mix at least 35-40 quintals of well-rotted cow dung manure and spread it evenly in the field before planting, then thoroughly throughout the field. Plowing and seeding the field are the first steps in preparing it.

Irrigation

Groundnut is sown at the start of the rainy season in northern India, thus irrigation is not required. In the summer crop in South India, irrigation is necessary every 10-15 days.

Is there a weed killer in groundnut?

Weeding is quite important in groundnut production, as it primarily helps to keep weeds at bay.

Doing 2-3 weeding’s in the entire crop at a 15-day interval is deemed good.

When the process of pod production in the plants begins, the soil should never be weeded, hoed, or tilled.

Spraying Pendimethalin at a rate of 1-1.5 kg per hectare or Oxy fluprofen at a rate of 250 g to 500 g per hectare before seed germination can be done to eliminate weeds with chemical medicine.

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Symptoms and major illness damage

Tobacco caterpillar rong

This larva is about 4 cm long, black with some greenish-black spots, and its moth is medium in size, dark brown. Its larva eats green leaves, causing a lot of production loss. It takes place.

White groundnut caterpillar

It is active in the soil from July to September, causing damage to plant roots in the early stages, and causing the plants to dry up.

Termite of the groundnut

This is a highly harmful groundnut pest that lives underground.

Eats the roots of plants regularly, causing the entire crop to be ruined.

When do peanuts get picked?

Harvesting the crop at the right time will result in a higher yield and oil content.

Peanut plant flowers do not bloom at the same time and take a long time to bloom.

In clustered species, pod formation takes two months, while in spreading species, it takes two months.

Under typical conditions, the early caste harvests in 105 days, whereas the late caste takes 135 days.

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Is it possible to grow groundnuts in a small area?

Groundnut crop yields range from 10 to 12 quintals per hectare (un-irrigated) depending on the conditions.

In shrubby types, yields can reach 8-10 quintals per hectare (non-irrigated), whereas spreading kinds can reach 12 quintals per hectare (non-irrigated).

When all soil and climatic conditions are good, yields up to 30 quintals per hectare can be achieved in irrigated areas. 70 percent of groundnuts yield seeds, with up to 40% yielding oil.

Is it possible to make money from peanut farming?

Demand and prices are high in the market because it is an oilseed crop. When it comes to profit or earnings from farming, unirrigated areas earn 30-35 thousand rupees per hectare, whereas irrigated areas make 45 to 50 thousand rupees per hectare.

Groundnut Farming’s Most Frequently Asked Questions –

Is it possible to grow groundnuts organically?

In light of the current state of agriculture, all agricultural modalities have changed, from seeding through harvesting. To acquire good results from this farming, good seeds, manure-fertilizer, medicine-pesticide, and so on must be provided regularly.

How much groundnut does one bigha contain?

If the farmer’s brother completes the farming with care, he should expect a yield of 2 to 2.5 quintals every bigha, implying production of roughly 10 quintals per hectare. If irrigation is available, the output can be increased twofold.

What is the groundnut minimum support price?

The groundnut support price for Kharif crops for government procurement in 2021-22 has been set at Rs 5550 per quintal.

Is there any groundnut production in our country?

India is the world’s second-largest producer of groundnuts, with 6,857,000 tonnes produced each year. Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal are the top producers of groundnuts.

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