Know the answers to a variety of fish farming-related inquiries – Fish Farming Business
Fisheries is another name for fish farming. The demand for fish in our country is steadily increasing. The main reason for this could be the country’s growing population; our country now has a population of more than 130 million people, which has raised demand for fish; 60 percent of the country’s population like eating fish, thus there is a need for fish. The demand has risen.
In our country, new and sophisticated technologies for fish farming are now being implemented, making fish farming more easier. If we talk about the same thing, a few years ago, we didn’t have many ponds for fish farming, which resulted in lower fish production.
Fish used to be delivered to market by catching it from a river or the sea, which was a dangerous job. However, in today’s modern period, several such systems for fish farming have been invented, making it very easy to raise fish. one of these approaches is raising fish in Biofloc (Biofloc Fish Farming). Bioflocs are one of the most advanced fish rearing techniques.
What is the definition of fish farming?
Aquaculture is the farming of fish. Fish farming, as the name implies, is the process of raising fish. The size of the fish is expanded by keeping it in the pond, and when the fish eyelids feel that we can now earn big earnings from the size of this fish, the fisherman remove it from the pond and sell it.
There are two types of things to consider here: the aim for which you are rearing the fish, whether it is to eat it larger or to produce fish babies. If you’re performing fish farming for the purpose of producing fish babies, the fish eyelids will make a lot of money.
You’ve probably heard the term “hatchery” before; it’s a term that refers to fish farming. Farmers send the young of fish for fish farming to their pond or puddle and grow the size of the fish in their pond, which is known as a hatchery.
What is the purpose of fish farming?
If you are a farmer, you may find that fish farming is beneficial to your business. Because you won’t have to set aside any time for this. You can simply do this while working on your farm. Fish farming can help you supplement your income.
Not only in our country, but all around the world, there is a growing demand for fish. At the same time, the main reason for the rise in demand is the delicacy of fish, as well as the numerous proteins and vitamins it contains. As a result, it’s global market is expanding. Seas, rivers, and ponds are the first major sources. However, as technology advances, people are abandoning traditional fishing methods in favor of new ones. People are already starting to cultivate fish in artificial ponds or tanks. Fishing in the sea and rivers was a challenging chore for the fisherman, and they were in danger of losing their lives.
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How to Begin a Fish Farming Business
If you’re thinking about beginning a fish farm, first try to get some fish farming training if you can. Your district’s Krishi Vigyan Kendra will completely support you in completing this program.
To begin fish farming, you’ll need to choose a pond or tank, fish breeds, fish meal arrangements, fish care, and a good water supply around the pond, among other things.
How to construct a fishing pond (Talab ka Nirman kaise karen)
Before building a pond, fish growers should consider the following factors.
- It is preferable to construct ponds in good weather before to the rainy season, if at all possible.
- The fisherman should construct the pond in a location where rainwater and river water cannot enter the pond.
- Sandy ground, in particular, is not recommended for fish farming. For pond construction, a mixture of clay, sandy, and sandy soil is recommended for fish breeding.
- Keep in mind that the pond’s bottom should be flat and there should be a tiny slope on one side when building it. This makes removing fish and water much easy.
- When building the pond’s dam, sprinkling water over the dirt layer by layer should be well tamped. There will be no water leaking from the dam as a result of this. In addition, the dam will be strengthened.
- The breadth of the pond’s dam should be large enough to prevent erosion. It may also be simple to transport fisheries-related materials and fish food.
- There should be a permanent source of water near the pond so that when the pond is low on water, you can add it as needed, and when the pond fills up during the rainy season, the water can be readily evacuated.
- Cement or PVC pipe should be constructed in the center top part of the dam to remove water from the pond while it is being built. These pipes should be lined with a fine mesh to prevent the fish from escaping.
- Sprinkle lime in the pond after it has finished being built. Lime spraying cleans the pond water, which is beneficial to fish aquaculture.
- The information provided above is for those fisherman who wish to do fish farming in a pond; however, those fishermen who want to do fish farming without building a pond should use the biofloc method. This method of fish breeding does not necessitate the use of a pond. It’s simple to do on any flat surface.
Fish Farming Pond Preparation
Preparing the pond for fish farming is a critical operation; if the pond is not properly prepared, the fish may suffer significant harm. The pond should have a water depth of 1.5-3.0 meters. These ponds, which have a very dark, green, or red water hue and are surrounded by hyacinth or other plants, are not suitable for fish farming.
In the months of April and May, matsya palaks should be removed from these ponds by cutting off the soil from the hillsides. The dirt in the foothills of former ponds should be turned over with a tool or shovel if it is not possible to remove the soil. A big portion of the pond is encircled by these plants due to excessive vegetation in the pond. As a result, the fish has difficulty moving around in order to live a normal existence, which has an impact on the fish’s growth.
The pond’s water should always be kept clean and clear so that the fish do not contract any diseases and there is no oxygen deficit.
Breeds of Fish Selection
The most important and vital aspect of fish farming is fish species selection. The major reason for this is that if fishermen are unable to properly pick fish species, it immediately impacts the fish’s productivity, which has a significant impact on revenues. It reads as follows:
Our country is home to the Rohu, Katla, Naini / Mrigal, Silver Carp, Grass Carp, Common Carp, Indigenous Mangur, Singhi, and Hisla fish species. Such species can also adapt to monsoons and changing circumstances. This means that choosing all of these fish species can be advantageous to anglers. At the same time, these fish species are readily available in any fish hatchery, resulting in affordable prices.
What is the best way to care for fish?
Fish farming necessitates particular fish care. You can do this by setting a time when you will feed the fish. Apart from that, it’s critical to keep the fish safe. In the meantime, the fisherman must place a net in the pond to ensure that no disease of any kind has infected any of the fish.
There is lethargy in the movement of the fish if it is showing symptoms of any sickness. If the fishermen see symptoms of fish diseases such as stains on the fish’s body, swelling of the fins, swelling of the body, coming to the top of the water, loosening of the fish’s skin, and so on, they should seek treatment. Needed. Furthermore, disease-infected fish should be removed from the pond so that the disease does not spread to healthy fish.
Fish farming on a credit basis
The government has launched a number of initiatives to enhance fisheries, one of which is the Matsya Sampada Yojana. To encourage fisheries, the Matsya Sampada Yojana was launched and is now being implemented across the country. This is referred to as the “Blue Revolution“. Fishermen, fish traders, self-help groups, fish entrepreneurs, and fish farmers, among others, benefit from the scheme.
Many government-sponsored initiatives have been launched to promote fisheries and double farmers’ revenue. For example, if a farmer creates a pond, the farmer receives a subsidy for the pond’s construction. Fishermen can build ponds by taking advantage of this. Fisheries loans have also been given by the government. Farmers can easily perform fish farming by taking advantage of this. You can also make a good profit from it.
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Most Commonly Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. What will be necessary for fish farming training?
If any fisherman want to receive instruction in fish farming, the district’s Krishi Vigyan Kendra can assist them in their endeavor.
Q. What does the term “harvesting” signify in the context of fish farming?
In fish farming, harvesting refers to the process of taking your fish out of the pond and selling it once it has grown to a size that is profitable. You can also think of it this way: when your crop is ready, you harvest it and remove the grains, and this is referred to as harvesting.
Q. Which state is the largest fish producer?
Andhra Pradesh is the country’s top producer of inland fish, with 34.50 lakh tonnes, whereas Gujarat is the country’s largest producer of marine fish, with 7.01 lakh tonnes.
Q. What are the names of the various fish farming breeds in India?
Our country is home to the Rohu, Katla, Naini / Mrigal, Silver Carp, Grass Carp, Common Carp, Indigenous Mangur, Singhi, and Hisla fish species.
Q. Can you tell me where I can purchase fish farming seeds?
You can get fish from your city’s nearby hatchery or contact the Krishi Vigyan Kendra in your district for fish cultivation.
So, friends, I hope you enjoyed the information about fish farming in this post. What is fish farming, why do it, how to start fish farming, how to create a pond for fish farming, and many other questions about fish farming have been answered. If you have any questions about this article, please leave them in the comments area.
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