Drumstick cultivation is rich of virtues in what way? ‘One expense, 10 yields’ for two crops in a year
Drumstick has a long list of advantages, including cereals-vegetables, horticulture, cash, commercial, medicinal farming, cheap cost, and high profit.
Drumsticks can be grown in a variety of acidic soils. It prefers an environment that is both dry and damp. It costs 70-75 thousand rupees per hectare. Every half-year, it can sell up to two lakh rupees worth of produce. A one-time investment pays off for at least five years.
Sahjan, munga, and moringa are some of the other names for drumstick. It is in high demand as a vegetable as well as for therapeutic purposes. As a result, drumstick farming is regarded as a cash and commercially profitable crop. Drumstick cultivation offers cereal-vegetable and horticultural qualities, as it yields at least twice a year. It has a five- to seven-year yielding tree. Drumstick cultivation yields excellent results for the money spent, and it also requires less irrigation and upkeep. As a result, farmers’ interest in drumstick farming is fast growing across the country.
Drumstick’s and India
Drumsticks are a common ingredient in South Indian cuisine. Its blossoms and fruits are also used to make vegetables, and the leaves are eaten as salad. As a result, drumstick cultivation is highly popular in the southern states. Drumsticks, on the other hand, may be grown in a variety of soils and in warm climes. It does not necessitate a lot of water or upkeep. As a result, it can provide a substantial crop even in locations where rainfall is scarce. India produces 80 percent of the world’s drumsticks. India is also the country’s biggest exporter.
‘Moringa Oleifera’ is the botanical name for Drumstick. Every part of the plant, including the leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, branches, bark, and roots, is thought to be useful in the treatment of a variety of ailments. Drumstick has 92 different multivitamins, 46 different antioxidants, 36 different pain relievers, and 18 different amino acids. Its leaves boost milk production and protect dairy animals from starvation and anemia. Drumstick seed oil is also used to make biofuel.
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Low price, high profit
Drumstick fruits, blossoms, and leaves are always in high demand on the market. In one acre, 400 to 500 drumstick trees can be planted. It costs 70-75 thousand rupees per hectare. A drumstick tree produces 200 to 300 pods every season on average. Their weight varies between 40 and 50 kilograms. It generates 1600 to 2000 kilograms drumstick per hectare, which sells for one to two lakh rupees in the market. However, because drumstick yields are available twice a year and certain types produce for at least five years, drumstick cultivation is a low-cost crop with high returns, i.e. ‘ten yields for one cost.
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Climate and soil
Drumsticks can be grown in a variety of acidic soils. The majority of its types are suited to dry climates. However, for water-rich locations, a variation known as PKM-2 has been produced. Drumstick cultivation, however, should not be done on flooded terrain. Drumsticks prefer a climate that is both dry and damp. There isn’t much of a need for rain. More blooms blossom on its trees during the summer.
When should a drumstick be transplanted?
Drumstick seeds are not planted directly in fields. The plants are first produced at the nursery from seeds. From July through September, you should plant in the field. Because the plants grow quickly throughout the wet season and do not require watering. In the nursery, two to three drumstick seeds should be sown in a plastic bag. In 10-12 days, these seeds germinate. The plants should then be placed in the field when they reach a height of one and a half to two feet. Keep the best-developed plant from two to three plants cultivated in polythene in the nursery for transplanting to the field and discard the others.
Sowing, harvesting, and field preparation – Drumstick cultivation
Deep ploughing in the field before transplanting drumsticks will make the ground level and friable. Then one foot of pit should be dug and transplanted in the field like beds of three meters, or ten feet apart, by adding dung manure in the soil. It is ideal if the temperature is between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius on the day of transplanting. Take care of weeding and hoeing the field to keep weeds at bay. Drumstick plant and yield are both increased as a result of this.
Drumstick plants should have their tops (peaks) broken when they reach three to four feet tall. This lowers the rate of plant growth and encourages the creation of additional branches. Cutting the tree and growing new branches should be done even after plucking the fruits of the drumstick. Drumstick yields are increased as a result of this. When drumstick blooms appear on the trees, irrigation should be reduced.
Drumstick cultivation in India begins in the fourth month after planting. When the color of the unripe pods begins to become green and appealing, harvest them. After the fiber begins to form, the beans should not be broken. They should be allowed to cook on their own. Many drumstick cultivars produce twice a year. It should be harvested twice, once in February-March and again in September-October.
What are the improved drumstick varieties?
Rohit-1: After 6 months of transplanting, it produces a yield. At any given time, a tree produces 10 kilograms of drumsticks. In a given year, two such crops are available. This cultivar has a 7-year yield potential. Its pulp is delicious, soft, and of excellent quality. Its pods range in length from one to one and a half feet.
Coimbatore-2: This variety yields for approximately a year after transplantation, then twice a year after that. Its tree can produce for up to 5 years. There are 200 to 375 one-foot pods in this area. It has a dark green tint and tasty flesh.
PKM-1: Its tree grows to be 5 feet tall and yields after 8-9 months of transplanting. It produces 200 to 350 beans twice a year and has a 5-year output.
PKM-2: This drumstick is best used in areas with a lot of water. It also has green pods that are quite appetizing and can grow to be two feet long. It has a single tree that produces 400 pods at a time and yields twice a year.
Jyoti-1: This type was created by Ravi Sarodiya, a farmer from Chobani village in Gujarat’s Morbi region. Its tree produces approximately 700 beans. It only yields twice a year else.
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Drumstick is a disease-resistant crop to a significant extent. That is, it is only susceptible to a few diseases. However, Bhua Pillu, a worm, consumes the leaves and destroys them. It is beneficial to sprinkle a surfactant solution on the plants to avoid it. Fruit fly illness, on the other hand, harms the tree by sucking the juice from the drumstick leaves and fruits. To avoid this, a sufficient amount of Dichlorvos should be sprayed.