Cucumber cultivation: Adopt innovative technology and increase cucumber yield
Improved Cucumber Cultivation: Do you know how to sow cucumbers correctly and what precautions to take during the growing season?
Cucumber plays a unique role in pumpkin production. It’s made all around the country. During the summer, cucumbers are in high demand at the market. It’s usually served raw with food like a salad. It provides relief from the heat and also replenishes the water in our bodies. As a result, it is claimed to be highly helpful to consume throughout the summer. Cucumber cultivation in the Zayed season might yield a good profit due to market demand in the summer. So, let’s learn about innovative cucumber cultivation technologies so that we can increase production.
Cucumber growing information: Cucumber has a variety of nutrients
Cucumis steves is the botanical name for cucumber. It’s a vine-like hanging plant. The leaves of this plant are hairy and triangular, while the flowers are yellow. Cucumbers contain 96 per cent water, making them ideal for the summer months. Cucumbers are high in molybdenum (molybdenum) and vitamins. Cucumber is used as an alkalizer to cure skin, renal, and heart ailments.
Cucumber Varieties That Have Been Improved
- Swarna Agate, Swarna Purnima, Pusa Uday, Poona Cucumber, Punjab Selection, Pusa Sanyog, Pusa Barkha, Cucumber 90, Kalyanpur Green Cucumber, Kalyanpur Medium, and Cucumber 75 are some of the popular Indian cucumber types.
- The most recent varieties are PCUH-1, Pusa Uday, Swarna Poorna, and Swarna Sheetal, among others.
- Pant Sankar Khera-1, Priya, Hybrid-1, and Hybrid-2, for example, are popular hybrid types.
- Japanese clove green, selection, straight-8, and point, for example, are popular exotic kinds.
- Cucumber production requires a favourable climate and soil.
- Although cucumbers can be grown in sandy loam and heavy soil, they thrive best in sandy and loamy soil with sufficient drainage. For cucumber production, the pH of the soil should be between 6-7. It thrives in high-temperature environments. And this sail isn’t up to the task. As a result, cultivating it throughout the Zayed season is beneficial.
Time to sow cucumbers / Time to cultivate cucumbers (kheera ki kheti kab kare)
It is sown in February and March for the summer season. It is sown in June-July for the wet season. It is sown in March and April in hilly locations.
Cucumber land preparation / Cucumber field prep
To prepare the land, plough it with soil turning plough first, then with an indigenous plough for the next 2-3 ploughings. In addition, the soil should be levelled by using a pata 2-3 times to make it friable.
Seed Quantity and Treatment in Cucumber Cultivation (khira ki kheti)
One acre of field can be seeded with only 1.0 kilogramme of seed. Remember to treat the crop with a proper chemical before sowing to protect it from pests and diseases and to extend its life. Before sowing, the seeds should be treated with 2 gramme Captan.
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Cucumber cultivation method of seeding
To begin, prepare the field by creating a 60-75 cm broad drain at a distance of 1.5-2 metres. After that, 1-1 m on either side of the drain near the weir. Sowing 3-4 seeds at a time in a single location at a distance of.
Manure and fertilisers are used in cucumber production
Mix rotting cow manure at a rate of 20-25 tonnes per hectare 15-20 days before the start of agriculture. 20 kg nitrogen, 50 kg phosphorus, and 50 kg are sprayed at the time of the last ploughing of the cultivation. Potash-containing fertilisers are used. After 40-45 days of seeding, a top dressing of 30 kg nitrogen per hectare is sprayed on the standing crop.
Cucumber Cultivation Irrigation
The high temperature in Zayed necessitates a greater amount of moisture. As a result, during the summer, modest irrigation should be done once a week. During the rainy season, irrigation is dependent on rainfall. In the summer, crop irrigation is necessary every 4-5 days. Irrigation is essential if there is no rain during the rainy season crop.
With the use of kauri or ho, weeds should be kept in the field. 2-3 weeding and hoeing should be done every 15-20 days in the summer crop, and 4-5 weeding should be done every 15-20 days in the rainy season. For the rainy season crop, the soil should be applied to the roots.
Harvesting and yield
It begins to bear fruit two months after seeding. The fruits are carefully harvested from the vines and separated when they are supple and of a nice size. Per hey, I like this. It is possible to obtain 50-60 quintals of fruits.
Learn how to prepare a cucumber nursery for advanced cultivation
Cucumber is typically sown directly in the field by farmer brothers, however, to boost crop intensity in poly homes, plants are prepared in pro-tray. Cucumber seedlings are ready in 12 to 15 days, depending on the season. Plants are considered bathing-worthy when they have two leaves in addition to the cotyledons. The beds are 30 cm high, 1 metre wide, and the bi-poly home is the same size as before. Between two beds, a 60 cm walkway should be maintained.
Cucumber seeds are prepared in a scientific way
Fill the soil in a plastic glass with cucumber seeds and set them to germinate in November for cucumber growing. After two months, the fields are ready for transplanting. This sophisticated approach to seed preparation ensures a plentiful harvest. Farmers prioritise hybrid cucumber cultivars to make a profit from cucumber growing.
Cucumber disease prevention and management
Cucumbers are susceptible to a viral illness, which is a common ailment. The disease starts on the plant’s leaves and spreads to the fruits. Yellow dots form on the leaves and the leaves start shrinking. Fruits are also affected by this illness. The fruit shrinks and gets scaly. This disease can be avoided by sprinkling 250 ml of micro-zym in neem decoction or cow urine every pump of crops.
- Anthracnose is a sickness brought on by changes in the weather. Spots emerge on the fruits and foliage of this disease. This disease can be prevented by dusting 250 ml of neem decoction or micro zym in cow urine and sprinkling 250 ml per pump of crops.
- Powdery mildew is a fungal infection caused by Erysiphe sicoracearum. The illness starts with the leaves and progresses to the stem, flowers, and fruits. This disease can be prevented by spraying 250 mm of micro zyme in neem decoction or cow urine on crops.
- Epiphids in Cucumber Cultivation Pest Control: These are teeny-tiny insects. These pests prey on small plant components, sucking the sap from them. The number of these insects is rapidly increasing, and they are actively spreading the virus. The yellowing of the foliage is caused by these bugs. Mix micro zyme with neem decoction or cow urine and spray 250 ml per pump crop to avoid this pest.
- Red Pumpkin Beetle: These red-coloured beetles are 5-8 cm long. Because these insects devour the central region of the leaves, the plants do not thrive. To protect crops from this pest, neem decoction or cow urine combined with microzymas should be sprayed at a rate of 250 mm per pump.
- The Epilacna beetle is a pest that attacks all of the wine plants. The leaves of plants are attacked by this bug. This beetle consumes and kills the leaves.