Colored capsicum cultivation – how to earn 6 lakhs, all information
Capsicum cultivation will generate a profit of 5 to 6 lakh rupees in this method.
The demand for colored capsicum has risen in recent years in the country. Foodies have raised the demand for it. People in Corona, on the other hand, have grown very cognizant of their health. Capsicum is in high demand on the market because it is thought to be good to one’s health. As a result, its cultivation may prove to be a successful venture for farmers. Colored capsicum, on the other hand, is many times more expensive than green capsicum in the market due to great demand. Farmers that cultivate it commercially can make a lot of money.
According to estimates, growing one acre of land can earn you between Rs. 3 and Rs. 3.50 lakhs each year. If it is grown in a poly home, it can bring in a profit of 5 to 6 lakhs. The farmer can cultivate red, yellow, orange, chocolate, violet, and green capsicum in Pali House. This results in a high level of production and profit for the farmer. It sells for a reasonable price in the market. Colored capsicum costs between Rs.100 and Rs.250 per kg on the market. Green capsicum, on the other hand, costs more than Rs 40 per kilogram. Even if the farmer produces 600 quintals in the poly house, the farmer’s revenue can reach six lakhs.
Vitamins found in capsicum
Capsicum is a type of chilli that is used in cooking as a vegetable. It’s also known as capsicum (which is a descendant) or papper in English. It is a salad or veggie vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked. Capsicum is available in three colors: red, green, and yellow. Capsicum, regardless of hue, is high in vitamin C, vitamin A, and beta-carotene. It doesn’t have any calories, therefore it won’t raise your bad cholesterol. It also aids in the maintenance of a healthy weight.
In India, where is it grown?
Capsicum is grown effectively in India’s states of Haryana, Punjab, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Karnataka, among others. Apart from that, it is now being grown all over India. It has the largest demand in Delhi and Chandigarh hotels, where it is served as a salad.
Capsicum of various hues can be grown in a polyhouse.
With the development of the Center of Excellence in Vegetables, the state’s farmers have become more aware of the benefits of protected farming in poly homes. Protected capsicum production in a poly home is a lucrative bargain for farmers. The farmer can grow capsicum in a variety of hues when growing capsicum. Who has a different market worth. 12 thousand capsicum seedlings may be planted per acre in this poly house cultivation in August-September, and each plant yields six to seven kg of crop, which the farmer can harvest for nine months. Only green capsicum can be grown in the open due to lower output. As a result, growing capsicum in a polyhouse is a more profitable option.
Capsicum varieties that have been improved
Bombay (Red Capsicum) – This cultivar matures quickly. This type grows tall, sturdy, and has a lot of branches. The development of its fruits necessitates adequate shade. Its fruits are dark green in color and turn red when mature, with an average weight of 130 to 150 grams. Its fruits can be kept for a long period in the refrigerator. It is suitable for long-distance transportation.
Yellow Capsicum (Aurobel) – This cultivar thrives in colder areas. Its fruits are typically square, regular in shape, and have a thick peel. Its ripening fruits are yellow in color, with an average weight of 150 grams. This is a disease-resistant cultivar. Which can be grown in both a greenhouse and an open field.
Green Gold has long, thick fruits that are dark green and weigh 100 to 120 grams.
Solan Hybrid 1 is a fast-maturing, high-yielding cultivar. It is a fruit rot disease resistant type that is suitable for central locations.
Solan Hybrid 2 – This variety produces outstanding yields as well7. It takes 60 to 65 days for the fruits to ripen. It’s a bacterial illness and fruit rot resistant cultivar. It produces between 325 and 375 quintals per hectare.
Solan bountiful has bell-shaped fruits. In 70 to 75 days, this crop is ready to harvest. Fruit rot and bacterial infections aren’t a problem. Its yield per hectare is 300 quintals.
California Wonder – This is a newer and more popular type. It has medium-sized plants that grow straight. The fruits are dark green in color and have a thick, silky skin.
Yellow Wonder – The plants on this plant are small. The fruit has a medium peel, and the fruits are dark green.
Other enhanced capsicum varieties include Arka Gaurav, Arka Mohini, King of the North, Arka Basant, Aishwarya, Alankar, Anupam, Hari Rani, Pusa Deepti, Hira, and others.
The market’s largest demand is for yellow capsicum
Yellow colored capsicum has the largest market demand among the several colored capsicum variants. The main reason for this is because of its appealing color, which draws people in. Furthermore, it is beneficial from the standpoint of vitamins. People that care about their health consume capsicum as a salad since it is healthier than eating it cooked. Yellow capsicum is high in beta-carotene, a kind of vitamin A. If you incorporate yellow capsicum into your regular diet, you will reap numerous benefits.
Consumption of yellow capsicum has a number of advantages
If you’re concerned about your weight gain, yellow capsicum may be able to assist you. It contains a very small number of calories, which aids in weight loss.
Yellow capsicum is also an effective pain reliever. Yellow colored veggies and fruits contain a lot of vitamins. Eating them helps to keep the body free of inflammation and allergies. Lemons, pineapples, yellow bell peppers, and grapes are examples of yellow-colored meals.
Yellow Capsicum is high in vitamin A and C, and it’s also a rich source of antioxidants. Aside from that, it aids in the prevention of heart disease, asthma, and cataracts.
Yellow capsicum has many of these components, which help to prevent cancer cells from forming in the body. If you eat yellow capsicum as a vegetable or salad on a daily basis, your risk of developing cancer is considerably lowered.
Things to consider while selecting capsicum
Capsicum producers in polyhouses should always select the most popular kinds.
Apart from red and yellow capsicum (which are the most popular), purple, orange, and brown capsicum types are now available.
Hybrid varieties should always be used inside the polyhouse.
Aside from color, disease resistance and fruit problems are essential qualities in a variety.
land and climate
The cultivation of capsicum necessitates a mild, humid atmosphere. It needs a temperature of at least 21 to 25 degrees Celsius to develop well. When it comes to the land, clay loam soil with good drainage is ideal for cultivation.
Sowing at the right time
It is best to cultivate it in a poly house during the months of August and September. This crop can be harvested for nine months by the farmer. It can, however, be sown in the months of January and February for an off-season yield.
Seedlings are being planted
Seedlings should be prepared using a Pro-tay (plastic tray) with 98 holes. This can be made with coco peat, vermiculite, sand, or a perlite mixture. It is disease-free and very friable, which allows the roots to develop nicely. With 100 kg of cocoate, approximately 100 pro-trays can be filled. Fill a hole in the tray with a seed and cover it with cocopeat. After that, it should be covered with polythene after a gentle irrigation with Hazare. It normally takes 6 to 8 days for it to germinate. Polythene should be removed from the capsicum plants prepared in the pro-tray after germination. The seedlings will be ready to plant in 4 to 6 weeks if done this way.
Assemble the beds
First, after digging the soil in the polyhouse, break the lumps and make the land friable, level, and soft. Then, build 100 cm wide and 15 cm high beds with 50 cm between rows.
fertilizers as well as fertilizers
After the beds have been formed, add 20 kg of decomposed cow dung and 100 grams of neem cake per square meter to the soil, mix well, and moisten the beds with 4 percent formaldehyde at 4 liters per square meter. For four days, cover all of the beds with black polythene sheeting and close the polyhouse’s windows and doors to kill hazardous bacteria. Remove the polythene after four days to ensure that the formaldehyde smoke is fully gone. Apply a nutritious dose of 05 grams of nitrogen, 05 grams of phosphorus, and 05 grams of potassium per square meter before planting. In the midst of the beds, install an in-line lateral pipe for irrigation. This pipe has a 30 cm diameter hole through which 2 liters of water can be drained.
Cover the beds created in the polyhouse with 100 gauge (25 micron) black polythene and bury the dirt on both sides from the edge.
Holes are dug in a double row with a 60 cm row spacing and a 30 cm plant spacing. After being prepared in plastic trays, capsicum plants are put in the polyhouse.
Management of illness and pests
A mixture of 0.3 ml imidacloprid per liter of water should be sprinkled on the plants one day before planting to protect them from diseases and pests. Before planting, saturate the roots of the plants with a solution of 1 g fungicide (Carbendazim) in 1 liter of water.
Plants are put in the plastic holes in the centre. It should be emphasized that the polythene sheet should not come into contact with the plants in any way.
Hazare should be used for light irrigation right after planting. It is vital to irrigate in this manner every day until the seedlings have established themselves. Foggers are employed when the humidity in the polyhouse is low. If the plants begin to die after the polyhouse has been disease-free, the beds should be soaked with 3 grams of copper oxychloride in 1 liter of water or 1 gram of carbendazim in 1 liter of water.
Other forestry endeavors
The capsicum plant’s two branches are left to grow after being trimmed from 30 cm above. All other branches of the plant should be removed, and these branches should be retained until the end of the crop. Another cut should be made next to the second knot. There are four branches that emerge from this. To support the developing plants, each branch is attached with twine (rope) or plastic tubes. Aside from that, 2 to 3 liters of water per square meter per day should be given. In the third week after planting, drip irrigation should be used to apply soluble fertilizer 19:19:19 (NPK) at a rate of 13.74 gram per square meter. After 60 days of planting, micronutrients should be supplied every 2 or 3 days.
What will it cost and how much will it bring in?
If a farmer grows 600 quintals in a year in a poly home, his annual revenue rises to Rs. 6 lakhs. Not only that, but pesticides are used sparingly in poly house agriculture, and up to 60% of water is saved from the drip line. The farmer will spend between $10,000 and $20,000 to plant capsicum in a poly house. The farmer saves only approximately 30 thousand rupees if he cultivates in the open.