Broccoli Farming: Do you know how to generate up to one lakh profit from broccoli farming in just three months?
Broccoli is grown in the same way that cauliflower is. Its seeds and plants have a similar appearance to cauliflower. Even after cutting a primary bunch from a broccoli plant, some branches develop from the plant in cauliflower, where a flower is detected from a plant.
Broccoli is grown in the same way that cauliflower is. Its seeds and plants have a similar appearance to cauliflower. Even after cutting a major bunch from a broccoli plant, some branches develop from the plant, and later small bunches of broccoli are collected from these branches to sell or eat, as is the case with cauliflower, when a flower is located from a plant.
Broccoli is sometimes known as green cabbage because of its color. These vegetables may be grown in the winter in the plains of North India, and their seeds are produced in Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, and Jammu & Kashmir. There is a lot of potential for export. In the last few days, its cultivation has skyrocketed.
This green vegetable contains iron, protein, calcium, glucose, chromium, and vitamins A and C, making it nutritious. It also contains phytochemicals and anti-oxidants, which are beneficial in the battle against sickness and infection. Vitamin C is abundant in broccoli. It’s high in a variety of nutrients. It not only protects against a variety of ailments but also lowers the chance of breast and prostate cancer.
Broccoli Cultivation Climate/Soil
Broccoli prefers a cold climate; when the days are short, the flower growth is greater; when the temperature is high during blossoming, the blossoms become dispersed, leafy, and yellow.
This crop can be grown in a variety of soil types, although sandy loam soil is ideal for optimal growth. It is suitable for cultivation in areas where there is a sufficient amount of organic manure.
Ninestar, Perineal, Italian Green Sprouts, Calebrus, Batham 29, and Greenhead are the most popular varieties of broccoli with a green ridged top.
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Piratepek, PremiumCrop, Clipper, Crusader, Stick, and Greensurf are the most popular in this category. Premium Crop, Topper, Greenkom, Criterion and other brands are available. Pusa Broccoli 1 variety has recently been recommended for growing by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi, and its seeds can be bought in modest quantities from Pusa Institute Regional Centre, Katarine Kullu Valley, Himachal Pradesh.
It’s time to grow broccoli
In the plains of North India, the cold season is the best time to produce broccoli; the temperature should be 20 -25 oC for seed germination and good plant growth; the time for nursery preparation is the second fortnight of October, less in mountainous places. Cultivated in high altitude areas from September to October, medium-altitude areas from August to September, and high altitude areas from March to April.
Rate of seeding
Broccoli seeds, like cabbage seeds, are quite tiny. A one-hectare plant requires approximately 375 to 400 grams of seed.
Preparation of broccoli nursery
Broccoli, like cabbage, is prepared by a nursery before being planted 3 feet long, 1 foot broad, and 1.5 cm above the ground surface to grow a modest number of plants. Seeds are planted in rows 4-5 cm apart in elevated beds that have been thoroughly prepared and mixed with rotten cow manure. 2.5 cm when measured from a distance of After sowing, cover the bed with a thin layer of mulch and keep irrigating as needed; as soon as the plant emerges, the weed is eliminated from the nursery’s top plants. To defend it from pests, use a neem decoction.
Preparation of Broccoli from a Farm
Broccoli can be grown in North India’s plains throughout the winter season, from mid-September to February. This crop can be grown in a variety of soil types, although sandy loam soil is ideal for optimal growth. The plant can be prepared from mid-September to early November; seedlings can be transplanted into the field 4 to 5 weeks after sowing, and the nursery can be made similarly to a cauliflower nursery.
Seedlings of broccoli
Plants are placed on the prepared field row by row, 15 to 60 cm apart, when they are 8-10 or 4 weeks old in the nursery. Maintain the gap between plants and give a distance of 45 cm between them while transplanting. The soil should be moist enough at the time of transplanting, and light irrigation should be done immediately afterward.
Fertilizers and manures
50 kg of cow dung per 10 square meter area, compost manure, 1 kg of neem cake, 1 kg of castor cake, properly mix all these fertilizers before planting in the bed in equal quantities at the time of final transplanting preparation. After that, sow the seed after plowing the bed.
In the case of chemical fertilizers, the amount of manure per acre is 50-60 tons of decomposed cow dung.
100-120 kg/ha nitrogen
45-50 kg/ha phosphorus
Irrigation and weeding of broccoli
This crop requires light watering at intervals of about 10-15 days. Weeds should be eliminated from the bed regularly for good broccoli root and plant growth; hoeing accelerates plant growth.
Mustard Mahu is a pest and disease prevention insect that lives on the lower surface of the leaves and feeds on the juice. This bug has an outbreak from December to March. Spray Roger at a rate of 1-1 5 ml per liter as a preventative measure.
Diamondback moth: This bug has a pale green trunk that pierces the leaves and consumes them. Take 2 ccs of a medication called Metasystax per liter to avoid it. Spraying should be done at the appropriate rate of water.
Cabbage borer: Its larva is white to brown in appearance and consumes the stems, causing damage and halting plant growth. Metastatic (2 mL) is administered to prevent it. The amount of liquid in a liter. Mustard sawfly spray: The larvae of this bug chew on the tiny leaves, causing damage. A medication called Dimethoate is given at a rate of 2 ml per liter to control this insect. Sprinkle after dissolving in water.
Ardgalan is a disease caused by the fungus Pythium, Rhizoctonia, and Fusarium in the nursery. Plants perish immediately after they sprout. Use treated seeds and 2 ccs of Captain medicine in the beds as a preventative measure. Taken in quantity. The water rate should be carefully calculated.
Fusarium fungus is responsible for Yellow Cabbage Disease. After 2 to 4 weeks of planting, the plants turn yellow, their growth slows, and their leaves begin to fall.
Foliar blight is caused by a fungus called Alternaria, which causes many dark round-shaped spots on the leaves. A 0.2 percent dose of Dithane Z-78 Dithane M-45 should be applied to prevent this disease.
Harvesting and production of broccoli
After 65-70 days after transplanting, cut it with a sharp knife or sickle when the main group of green buds is ready. Keep in mind that the pruning has caused the bunch to become highly twisted, and no bud should be able to blossom in it. Small bunches of broccoli will be available for sale after the main bunch has been cut. Broccoli yields between 12 and 15 tonnes per acre in a good crop.
How much money can broccoli farming bring in?
You can make around Rs 125000 to 150000 in 3-4 months if you have a 1-acre site (43500 square feet) available.
At least 6000 broccoli plants
1000 plants are lost.
5000 plants Equal healthy plants
You can sell each plant (or flower) for 75 to 150 rupees, depending on the market cost, because the weight of each plant will range from 500 grams to 1 kilogram. Even if I use Rs 75 per piece for this computation,
5000 multiplied by 75 equals Rs 375000.
Your expenses range from 1 to 1.5 lakhs (irrigation, seeds, insecticides, transportation, etc.)
Your total profit ranges between Rs.125000 to Rs.175000 (in just 3-4 months)